Project Engineer in Risks and Environmental management vocations

University of Dschang

Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA)

Ebolowa antenna

Wood, Water and Environment vocations series

KUETE TALLA Chanel during her internship at CARFAD, from May to October 2014 in view to obtain her diploma as an engineer in Risks and Environmental Management, she became interested in the problem of the socio-economic contribution of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPA) for Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT). The aims of the study were to: (i) identify the causes of non-compliance with certain criteria of the legality matrix; (Ii) assess the status of the illegal exploitation of timber in specific target forests; (Iii) check the level of implementation of micro projects prescribed in the simple management plans; (Iv) ensure that the rights of indigenous peoples and forest-dependent peoples are recognized and protected in the implementation of the FLEGT process. To conduct this study, the methodology was based on documentary research, direct field observations, surveys by questionnaire with a representative sample of households, semi-structured interviews with resource persons involved in the management of community forest resources in Kadey Division, the East region of Cameroon.

From this work, it appears that administrative hesitant, the scam of some foresters, the lack of financial means (for the community) and the novelty of the system are the major causes of non-compliance with legal requirements. Illegal exploitation on its part is 99% in two (02) community forests out of three (03) and its main causes are illegal logging, misrepresentations. Concerning the realization of micro projects prescribed in the simple management plan, only a quarter was actually materialized in the community forest of Kagnol II and Nzeng while that of Akom I have done nothing. Only a single community forest out of three (03) runs in a rational and equitable manner income from logging. For the results obtained, it was concluded that despite all the difficulties and the existence of illegality in some community forests, people expect a lot from FLEGT and hope to develop their community through the commercialization of legal timber. Although the VPA / FLEGT could be a means of local and participative development of the localities concerned, it should provide the GPS coordinates of each cut tree trunk and banish the existing system and the society from the ills of corruption, documents trafficking, dishonesty etc. so that these community forest dependent people should really benefit.