KUETE TALLA Chanel

KUETE TALLA Chanel

University of Dschang

Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA)

Ebolowa antenna

Wood, Water and Environment vocations series

KUETE TALLA Chanel during her internship at CARFAD, from May to October 2014 in view to obtain her diploma as an engineer in Risks and Environmental Management, she became interested in the problem of the socio-economic contribution of Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPA) for Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT). The aims of the study were to: (i) identify the causes of non-compliance with certain criteria of the legality matrix; (Ii) assess the status of the illegal exploitation of timber in specific target forests; (Iii) check the level of implementation of micro projects prescribed in the simple management plans; (Iv) ensure that the rights of indigenous peoples and forest-dependent peoples are recognized and protected in the implementation of the FLEGT process. To conduct this study, the methodology was based on documentary research, direct field observations, surveys by questionnaire with a representative sample of households, semi-structured interviews with resource persons involved in the management of community forest resources in Kadey Division, the East region of Cameroon.

From this work, it appears that administrative hesitant, the scam of some foresters, the lack of financial means (for the community) and the novelty of the system are the major causes of non-compliance with legal requirements. Illegal exploitation on its part is 99% in two (02) community forests out of three (03) and its main causes are illegal logging, misrepresentations. Concerning the realization of micro projects prescribed in the simple management plan, only a quarter was actually materialized in the community forest of Kagnol II and Nzeng while that of Akom I have done nothing. Only a single community forest out of three (03) runs in a rational and equitable manner income from logging. For the results obtained, it was concluded that despite all the difficulties and the existence of illegality in some community forests, people expect a lot from FLEGT and hope to develop their community through the commercialization of legal timber. Although the VPA / FLEGT could be a means of local and participative development of the localities concerned, it should provide the GPS coordinates of each cut tree trunk and banish the existing system and the society from the ills of corruption, documents trafficking, dishonesty etc. so that these community forest dependent people should really benefit.

 

TCHAKOUNTEU Mitrance Sorelle

TCHAKOUNTEU Mitrance Sorelle

University of Dschang

Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA)

Regional Centre for Specialised Training in Agriculture, Forest / Wood (CRESA) Yaounde

Professional Master in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

TCHAKOUNTEU Mitrance Sorelle during her internship at CARFAD, conducted a study on the Impact of the Environment on the Bamendjing Reservoir Dam. As of now; the reservoir dam presents a more and more degrading biophysical environment. Thus, the main objective of the study was to assess the impacts of the environment on the dam. The method used in data collection consisted of field observations, surveys and interviews. Statistical analyzes of the impact of climate elements (rain, temperature, evaporation) on the reservoir was made ​​and the processing of satellite images was made by the use of GIS software.

Environmental impacts were identified and evaluated by means of a checklist, Fecteau’s Interrelation Matrix and Assessment Grid. These impacts include: decrease in the volume of water stored in the reservoir, blockage of valves, the corrosion of certain materials, the risk of rupture, and the risks of dam sabotage. The negative impacts arising from the milieu are related to population growth and climate variations. The study concludes that agricultural activities and deforestation are the major factors negatively affecting the productivity of the reservoir. They are followed by livestock breeding, waste management, fishing and hunting, respectively. Therefore, to improve the management and productivity of the dam, the study proposes an integrated approach, aimed specifically at managing the vegetation cover, the participation of residents of the lake and soil management. Recommendations are also made ​​to improve the environmental management of the Bamendjing dam.

 

DONGMO TSAFACK Stéphanie

DONGMO TSAFACK Stéphanie

University or Dschang

Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA)

Regional Centre for Specialised Training in Agriculture, Forest /Wood(CRESA),Yaounde

Professional Master in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

DONGMO TSAFACK Stéphanie during her internship at CARFAD to obtain a Master’s Degree in Environmental Impact Assessment conducted a study on the socio-economic and environmental impacts of the management of compensations for the Chad-Cameroon pipeline project in the municipality of Ngoumou. The study highlighted the need to support people in managing compensation received as part of development projects. Indeed, the realization of these projects like the Chad – Cameroon pipeline project requires land, generally levied on private property. In this case, the affected populations are deprived of their homes, their crops, their land or their livelihoods.

To remedy this damage, these people benefit from compensation. The study was based on a methodology that uses the PRA, the Leopold’s matrice, the Martin Fecteau’ grid and level-headed multi-criteria analysis. It turns out that people affected by the Chad-Cameroon pipeline project in the Ngoumou locality received compensation, but curiously enough, the beneficiaries have not always put it into ​​good use. If on the one hand, some have used the money collected to build houses, pay school fees, create new farms, etc, others, on the other hand, have used it to lead a life of debauchery and drinking. Households were divided because of these compensations. If the management of money received by the people affected by the project remains unworthy, it’s because compensation in kind is not a priority; support and monitoring in the management were not insured. Field results reveal that beneficiaries feel that apart from the management question, compensations are unfair and inadequate because they do not correspond to what they have lost. It is therefore difficult for them to find a standard of living equal to that before the project, let alone an improvement.

 

TEDONGMO Ismaël

TEDONGMO Ismaël

University of Dschang

Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences

Ebolowa Antenna

Wood, Water and Environment Vocations Series

TEDONGMO Ismael During his professional internship at CARFAD in 2013, he conducted a study on Public Participation in the process of carrying out Environmental and Social Impact Assessment of Development Projects. This study focused on the case of the Edea – Kribi Highway construction project. Public participation is a fundamental issue in the management of the environment. Since the Rio Conference (United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, 1992), the principles of precaution, prevention, and polluter-payer were established alongside that of public participation, as the fundamental principles of good governance in the transformation of human habitats and the management of environmental challenges.

However, the process of implementation of these principles like that of public participation seems to be difficult in matters concerning land use planning and the environment. This is noticed in the lack of legal framework and tools defining the methods of carrying out consultations and public hearings, which are very important steps for all stakeholders involved in a project to participate so as to give their views, which will be taken into account in the final decision. Some projects are nowadays carried out without the participation of the public concerned. Yet each project promoter ought to ensure that participation is as open as possible by combining the views of all project stakeholders. The intervention of the public requires in particular, information on the project and the establishment of a genuine framework of ​​dialogue throughout the stages of the decision.

ZANGUE KENFACK Steve Wilson

ZANGUE KENFACK Steve Wilson

Junior Expert in Sustainable Development

Catholic University of Central Africa

Masters in Human Rights and Humanitarian action, Sustainable Development Option

ZANGUE KENFACK Steve Wilson during his internship to obtain his Master’s degree in Human Rights and Humanitarian Action, he took interest in the problem of community forests as an issue of sustainable development in village communities in Cameroon. It is in the context of participatory management of forests established in the forestry sector in Cameroon. This management system registered a real political will to integrate village communities in forest management and to make this participation, an issue of sustainable development.

Therefore, the objective of his study was to determine the different constraints to the effectiveness of this management system. He concluded that this system is certainly favourable for the achievement of sustainable development goals, but also limited through its failure, its ambiguity and low ability to be able to secure the full and effective inclusion of communities in the system. The nature of the state, as well as the socio-politico- economic characteristic of communities are not left behind. This implementation suffers from character deficiency (administrative deficiency), neo-patrimony (corruption) and weak(weak control institutions) states such as Cameroon, where the institutional background does not give room for effective policies and strategies which ought to have been established. This is also the case of communities that are poorly equipped intellectually, technically and financially, but also and above all characterized by weak social viability.

 

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